What are the causes of Osteoporosis?

Patients are at risk for osteoporosis if they are:

  • Post-menopausal
  • Female
  • Low body weight
  • Have taken steroids
  • Have digestive problems
  • Had kidney stones
  • Have a family history of bone loss or fractures
  • Above the age of 70

What are the symptoms of Osteoporosis?

Typically, there are no symptoms.  Osteoporosis is detected by a special x-ray called a DEXA.  It is ordered by your doctor and can be used to track the degree of improvement with treatment.  Unfortunately, some people are only diagnosed after a spine or hip fracture.  This condition is painless.

What is Cardiovascular disease?

A term that describes a number of conditions that impact the heart; however the most common type is coronary artery disease (CAD). This is also the leading cause of death in the United States among men and women.

What are Causes of Cardiovascular disease?

CAD occurs when plaque forms in the arteries that supply the heart with blood. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances in the bloodstream. The buildup can restrict bloodflow to the heart. Sometimes a plaque can rupture or burst which can cause a blood clot that completely blocks the artery—this can cause a heart attack or a stroke. If the arteries are damaged by smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol this process occurs more readily.

What are Symptoms of heart disease?

Symptoms can be typical such as chest pain or shortness of breath, but sometimes a person will not have symptoms until major damage has occurred. Prevention is key!

What are Heart Disease Treatments?

Treatments include controlling all modifiable risk factors such as treating high cholesterol/lipids, taking care of Diabetes, treating high blood pressure, and not smoking. This can include lifestyle therapies such as exercise and healthy diet as well as medications.

What is Atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries caused by buildup and deposits of fatty materials into the artery wall.

What is LDL cholesterol?

This is commonly called the “bad” cholesterol because the cholesterol carried around inside the LDL particles can get deposited into the artery walls.

What is HDL cholesterol?

This is commonly called the “good” cholesterol because the cholesterol carried around inside the HDL particles may have been removed from the artery walls.